Software (Terms 1 - 5)
consists of off/on settings represented by bits, organized into bytes, and translated by codes into data and programs.
You can't physically touch software, but you can touch the media (tape, disk,
CD, etc.) it's stored on.
Computer Hardware (Terms 6 - 10)
hardware consists of electronic chips, primarily CPU, RAM, and ROM chips, that make up the
computer itself. You can physically touch hardware. However, without
software to tell it what to do, hardware is useless.
Peripheral Hardware (Term 11)
Peripherals are devices attached
to the computer such as: printer, disk, monitor, keyboard, mouse, modem, port, optical
disc, speaker, etc.
System (Term 12)
A system, whether standalone, networked, or
online, is the combination of software and hardware that makes it
possible to do productive work on the computer.